APJ Abdul Kalam. Abdul Kalam Born on 15th October 1931 at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu. An Autobiography of A. Abdul Kalam - Ignited Minds.
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• • Professor • Author Awards (1997) (2009) (2013) Notable work(s) Signature Website Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam ( ( ); 15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was an Indian scientist who served as the from 2002 to 2007. He was born and raised in, and studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the (DRDO) and (ISRO) and was intimately involved in India's civilian space programme and military. He thus came to be known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of and technology. He also played a pivotal organisational, technical, and political role in India's nuclear tests in 1998, the first since the in 1974. Kalam was elected as the 11th President of India in 2002 with the support of both the ruling and the then-opposition. Widely referred to as the 'People's President', he returned to his civilian life of education, writing and public service after a single term.
He was a recipient of several prestigious awards, including the, India's highest civilian honour. While delivering a lecture at the, Kalam collapsed and died from an apparent cardiac arrest on 27 July 2015, aged 83. Thousands including national-level dignitaries attended the funeral ceremony held in his hometown of Rameshwaram, where he was buried with. Contents • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Early life and education Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 to a family in the pilgrimage centre of on, then in the and now in the of Tamil Nadu.
His father Jainulabdeen was a boat owner and of a local mosque; his mother Ashiamma was a housewife. His father owned a ferry that took pilgrims back and forth between and the now uninhabited.
Kalam was the youngest of four brothers and one sister in his family. His ancestors had been wealthy traders and landowners, with numerous properties and large tracts of land. Selamat ulang tahun jamrud mp3. Their business had involved trading groceries between the mainland and the island and to and from, as well as ferrying pilgrims between the mainland and Pamban. As a result, the family acquired the title of 'Mara Kalam Iyakkivar' (wooden boat steerers), which over the years became shortened to 'Marakier.' With the opening of the to the mainland in 1914, however, the businesses failed and the family fortune and properties were lost over time, apart from the ancestral home.
By his early childhood, Kalam's family had become poor; at an early age, he sold newspapers to supplement his family's income. In his school years, Kalam had average grades but was described as a bright and hardworking student who had a strong desire to learn. He spent hours on his studies, especially mathematics. After completing his education at the Schwartz Higher Secondary School, Ramanathapuram, Kalam went on to attend, then affiliated with the, from where he graduated in in 1954. He moved to in 1955 to study aerospace engineering in. While Kalam was working on a senior class project, the Dean was dissatisfied with his lack of progress and threatened to revoke his scholarship unless the project was finished within the next three days.
Kalam met the deadline, impressing the Dean, who later said to him, 'I was putting you under stress and asking you to meet a difficult deadline'. He narrowly missed achieving his dream of becoming a fighter pilot, as he placed ninth in qualifiers, and only eight positions were available in the. Career as a scientist. This was my first stage, in which I learnt leadership from three great teachers—Dr, Prof and Dr.
This was the time of learning and acquisition of knowledge for me. A P J Abdul Kalam After graduating from the in 1960, Kalam joined the of the (by Press Information Bureau, Government of India) as a scientist after becoming a member of the (DRDS). He started his career by designing a small, but remained unconvinced by his choice of a job at DRDO. Kalam was also part of the working under, the renowned space scientist. In 1969, Kalam was transferred to the (ISRO) where he was the project director of India's first Satellite Launch Vehicle (-III) which successfully deployed the satellite in near-earth orbit in July 1980; Kalam had first started work on an expandable rocket project independently at DRDO in 1965. In 1969, Kalam received the government's approval and expanded the programme to include more engineers.
Kalam addresses engineering students at In 1963 to 1964, he visited 's in; in; and. Between the 1970s and 1990s, Kalam made an effort to develop the (PSLV) and SLV-III projects, both of which proved to be successful. Download samurai deeper kyo sub indo full episode 480p. Kalam was invited by to witness the country's first nuclear test as the representative of, even though he had not participated in its development. In the 1970s, Kalam also directed two projects, and, which sought to develop ballistic missiles from the technology of the successful SLV programme. Despite the disapproval of the, Prime Minister allotted secret funds for these aerospace projects through her discretionary powers under Kalam's directorship. Kalam played an integral role convincing the Union Cabinet to conceal the true nature of these classified aerospace projects.